Foreword

No journal may publish an article that does not comply with the editorial standards (NORCAMES). Typographical standards are set by each journal. The structure of an article must comply with the rules of scientific writing, depending on whether the article is a theoretical contribution or the result of field research. The structure of a scientific article in the humanities is as follows:

For a paper resulting from field research: Title, First and Last name of the author, Home institution, E-mail address, Abstract in French, Key words, Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Bibliographical references.

For a paper resulting from field research: Title, First and Last name of the author, Home institution, E-mail address, Abstract in French, Key words, Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion, Conclusion, Bibliographical references.

How to submit a paper?

All manuscripts sent to Akofena must be unpublished, i.e. never having been published before in another journal. Manuscripts must meet the following requirements:

  • The first page should include the title of the article, the first and last names of the authors, their institution of affiliation and their full address.

  • Translate the title of the subject into English when the article is written in French. For any other language than French, translation of the title, abstract and keywords into French is required.

  • Abstract (in english) should not exceed 350 words. It should be succinct so as to highlight the essence of the analysis.

  • Abstract (in french) should not exceed 350 words. It should be succinct so as to convey the essence of the analysis.
  • Keywords (in English) should not exceed five words.
  • Keywords (in french) should not exceed five words.
  • Introduction should provide sufficient background information, setting the context in which the study was undertaken. It should enable the reader to judge the qualitative value of the study and evaluate the results obtained.
  • Body of the subject: The different parts of the body of the subject must appear in a logical order. (e.g.: 1; 1.1; 1.2; 2; 2.1; 2.2; etc.). The introduction and conclusion are not numbered
  • Footnotes must not refer to bibliographic references, but to additional information
  • Citations are integrated into the text quoting, as appropriate, in the following ways:
  •  
Recommendation to authors
Spacing: simple

Font : Athelas/ Size: 12

Orientation : Portrait/ Margin : Top and Bottom  : 3cm, Right and Left : 3cm

Format

The sections of an article, with the exception of the introduction, the conclusion and the bibliography, must be titled and numbered (e.g. 1.; 1.1.; 1.2; 2.; 2.2.; 2.2.1; 2.2.2.; 3.; etc.). Quoted passages are presented in roman and in inverted commas. When the quoting sentence and the quotation exceed three lines, the quotation should be presented (line spacing 1) in Athelas and indented, reducing the font size by one point. Citation references are integrated into the citing text in the following ways, as APA.

Introduction the American Psychological Association (APA)

Quotations of less than three (03) lines must be incorporated in the text, between inverted commas, and directly followed by the name of the author, the year of publication and the pagination of the quoted extract (preceded by p., or pp. if the extract covers more than one page). For example: In the case of adolescents, ‘some suicide attempts should be understood as an action highlighting a non-transmissible. « (Ghyssels & Goffinet, 2012, p.92). However, if the document is not paginated, the paragraph is indicated with the abbreviation.

If the author’s name is included in the sentence, it is followed by the year of publication in brackets, but the pagination is placed after the quotation, after the closing inverted comma. Example: Liguori (2017) recalls that the relationship of conflict ‘to drive duality, transference and the automatism of repetition is at the heart of Freudian dynamics’ (p. 207). Quotations longer than three lines are presented in a separate block of text, omitting the inverted commas. This block starts on a new line, indented about 1cm from the left and right margin.

How to present a quote in the paper ?

The process of underdevelopment resulting from this shock is experienced concretely by the populations concerned as a global crisis: socio-economic crisis (brutal exploitation, permanent unemployment, accelerated and painful exodus), but also socio-cultural and civilization crisis translating a socio-historical unpreparedness and a maladjustment of human cultures and behaviors to the forms of life imposed by the foreign technologies.

Dialité (1985, p.105)

Conclusion should not duplicate the abstract and discussion. It should be a reminder of the main results obtained and the most important consequences that can be deduced from them.

Journal (online)

PS: Bibliographic references cited are those actually consulted in the body of the text

From one author

N’guessan, A. C. (2020). Quelques modalités d’attribution anthroponymiques Baoulé : l’exemple de l’Ahétou. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), (2)1, 93-104 [Online], accessed on October 20, 2020, URL: https://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/07-T03-39-pp.-93-104.pdf

N’guessan, A. C. (2020). Quelques modalités d’attribution anthroponymiques Baoulé : l’exemple de l’Ahétou. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), (2)1, 03-16 [Online], available at URL: https://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/01-T02-01-pp03-16.pd

From two authors

Tape, J-M & Menlan, Y. 2020. Tropicalisation des terminologies linguistiques en campagne de sensibilisation : exemple de la Covid-19 en Côte d’Ivoire. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), Spécial (3), 171-182 [Online], accessed on October 10, 2020, URL: https://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/13-T03-40-Tape%CC%81-pp.-171-182.pdf

More than two authors

Oguntola, L. O. & al. (2020). E-learning en période de la Covid-19: les écoles nigérianes à la loupe. Akofena, revue scientifique des Sciences du Langage, Lettres, Langues & Communication, L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny (Côte d’Ivoire), Spécial (3), 31-52 [Online], accessed on October 10, 2020, URL: https://revue-akofena.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/03-T03-24-pp.-31-52.pdf

Journal (print)

From one to two authors

Claudine, M. (2006). Analyse de la violence verbale : quelques principes méthodologiques. Actes des XXVIes journées d’études sur la parole, 103- 114

More than two authors

Ajado, T. & al. (2008). E-Learning and Distance Education in Nigeria. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, (7), 4-7

Proceedings ou Colloquiums

Kossonou, K. T. & Assanvo, A. D. (2018). Étude des verbes complexes de l’agni. Actes du 1er colloque scientifique national du Laboratoire de Description, de Didactique et de Dynamique des Langues en Côte d’Ivoire (L3DL-CI) : « Le nom dans les langues naturelles », Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, (Côte d’Ivoire), CRELIS : La Revue du Centre de Recherche et d’Études en Littérature et Sciences du Langage, Faculté des Langues, Littératures et Civlisations, Série spéciale, 123-136

Books or monographs

Chomsky, N. & Halle, M. (1973). Principe de phonologie générative, Ed. Seuil, Paris

Updated on May 2, 2021

About us

Akofena symbolises courage, valour and heroism. In Akan country, the crossed swords represent the protective shields of the king. The interdisciplinary Akofena journal of Letters, Linguistic and Civilizations publishes unpublished articles of a scientific nature. They will have been evaluated in double blind by members of the scientific committee and experts according to their speciality(ies). Finally, Akofena is a journal at the confluence of Language, Literature and Communication Sciences. The journal is aimed at researchers, teachers and students.

Each paper submitted to Akofena is first rapidly evaluated by the Editorial Board, which decides whether or not to retain it. If the article is retained, the Committee suggests to the Editorial Secretariat two names of reviewers, within or outside the Scientific and Reading Committee of the journal, depending on the speciality of the article. Ideally, these people are from a university other than that of the contributor of the article, but know the context of the article. Each article submitted to Akofena is first rapidly evaluated by the Editorial Board, which decides whether or not to retain it.

What is an archive?

According to the heritage code revised on 3 January 1979, archives are all documents produced in the course of an activity to keep track of the actions of a person or a public or private organisation through various media such as paper, photographs, electronic data, etc., but also films on photographic media, or electronic data stored on a floppy disk or a CD-ROM, etc.