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Spacing: 1.05 
No page numbering
Font : Book Antiqua
Size: 12
Orientation : Portrait
Margin : Top and Bottom : 3cm, Right and Left : 3cm
How to submit a paper?

All manuscripts sent to Akofena must be unpublished, i.e. never having been published before in another journal. Manuscripts must meet the following requirements:

  • The first page should include the title of the article, the first and last names of the authors, their institution of affiliation and their full address.

  • Translate the title of the subject into English when the article is written in French. For any other language than French, translation of the title, abstract and keywords into French is required.

  • Abstract (in english) should not exceed 350 words. It should be succinct so as to highlight the essence of the analysis.

  • Abstract (in french) should not exceed 350 words. It should be succinct so as to convey the essence of the analysis.
  • Keywords (in English) should not exceed five words.
  • Keywords (in french) should not exceed five words.
  • Introduction should provide sufficient background information, setting the context in which the study was undertaken. It should enable the reader to judge the qualitative value of the study and evaluate the results obtained.
  • Body of the subject: The different parts of the body of the subject must appear in a logical order. (e.g.: 1; 1.1; 1.2; 2; 2.1; 2.2; etc.). The introduction and conclusion are not numbered
  • Footnotes must not refer to bibliographic references, but to additional information
  • Citations are integrated into the text quoting, as appropriate, in the following ways:
Indeed, the aim pursued by Ascher (1998, p.223), is: « to broaden the history of mathematics in such a way that it acquires a multicultural and global perspective […], »

The Ivorian philosopher is right, to a certain extent, to read in this destabilising shock the process of underdevelopment. As he puts it:

The process of underdevelopment resulting from this shock is experienced concretely by the populations concerned as a global crisis: socio-economic crisis (brutal exploitation, permanent unemployment, accelerated and painful exodus), but also socio-cultural and civilization crisis translating a socio-historical unpreparedness and a maladjustment of human cultures and behaviors to the forms of life imposed by the foreign technologies.

Diakité (1985, p.105)

Conclusion should not duplicate the abstract and discussion. It should be a reminder of the main results obtained and the most important consequences that can be deduced from them.

Note: The bibliographic references cited are those actually consulted in the body of the text.

Access & Licensing

Akofena journal  is an Open Access peer-reviewed journal, freely accessible online.

Following the Budapest Open Access Initiative definition of “Open Access”, the users have the right to “read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link” to the full texts of articles.

Access & Licensing
Ownership and copyright
Akofena allows authors to hold the copyright and publication rights to their contributions without restriction.
Publisher/ Editor

L3DL-CI, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Côte d’Ivoire

01 BPV34 Abidjan 01


ASSANVO Amoikon Dyhie




Legal deposit (Sub-direction of legal deposit)

1er trimestre 2020

N°16304 du 06 Mars 2020

International IDs

ISSN-L (print) 2706-6312

eISSN (on line) 2708-0633

Last updated on November 20, 2021

About us

Akofena symbolises courage, valour and heroism. In Akan country, the crossed swords represent the protective shields of the king. The interdisciplinary Akofena journal of Letters, Linguistic and Civilizations publishes unpublished articles of a scientific nature. They will have been evaluated in double blind by members of the scientific committee and experts according to their speciality(ies). Finally, Akofena is a journal at the confluence of Language, Literature and Communication Sciences. The journal is aimed at researchers, teachers and students.

Each paper submitted to Akofena is first rapidly evaluated by the Editorial Board, which decides whether or not to retain it. If the article is retained, the Committee suggests to the Editorial Secretariat two names of reviewers, within or outside the Scientific and Reading Committee of the journal, depending on the speciality of the article. Ideally, these people are from a university other than that of the contributor of the article, but know the context of the article. Each article submitted to Akofena is first rapidly evaluated by the Editorial Board, which decides whether or not to retain it.

What is an archive?

According to the heritage code revised on 3 January 1979, archives are all documents produced in the course of an activity to keep track of the actions of a person or a public or private organisation through various media such as paper, photographs, electronic data, etc., but also films on photographic media, or electronic data stored on a floppy disk or a CD-ROM, etc.